As a general rule when a bankruptcy is filed the commencement or continuation of lawsuits or collection matters against the debtor are automatically stopped. However, there are exceptions where the matter can continue. For example, a criminal action is not stopped by a bankruptcy. Nor is a suit to establish paternity, establish support or establish visitation. Audits by the IRS or a demand for tax returns are also not stayed. However the government entity is stopped from collecting the debt while the debtor is in bankruptcy. The automatic stay that takes effect when a bankruptcy is filed stops most kinds of legal actions against the debtor, but keep in mind that it does not stop all of them.
When a bankruptcy is filed the individuals filing are allowed to protect a certain amount of equity in their assets and keep those exempt assets. In New Jersey and Pennsylvania debtors filing bankruptcy can protect assets using Federal or state exemptions. Except for certain types of assets, most bankruptcies in New Jersey or Pennsylvina rely on Federal Exemptions. Those Federal Exemptions increased as of April 1, 2019. For example, the amount of equity in your residence increased from $23,675.00 per owner to $25,150.00 per owner. Household goods and furnishing exemptions increased from $12,625 to $13,400.00. Other increases include motor vehicle from $3,775.00 to $4,000.00, jewelry from $1,600.00 to $1700.00 and proceeds from personal injury lawsuit from $23,675.00 to $25,150.00. As a result, even when filing a chapter 7 bankruptcy often the debtor will not lose any assets in the process.
As a general rule when a bankruptcy is filed the commencement or continuation of a lawsuit or collection matters against the debtor are automatically stopped. However, there are exceptions where the matter can continue. For example, a criminal action is not stopped by a bankruptcy. Nor is a suit to establish paternity, establish support or visitation. An audit by the IRS or a demand for tax returns are also not stayed. However the government entity is stopped from collecting even if the bankruptcy does not eliminate the debt. An action involving domestic violence is also not stayed. The state is not stopped from suspending a drivers license or professional license. As you can see, while the bankruptcy stops most litigations against the debtor, there are some significant exceptions.
When a chapter 13 bankruptcy is filed the court automatically schedules two hearings. The first is a meeting of creditors. The debtors are required to attend this meeting with the chapter 13 trustee and their attorney. Creditors are invited to come but they rarely do. The other hearing is the confirmation hearing. The debtors' do not have to attend this hearing but their attorney does. In New Jersey the hearing will take place at the Federal courthouse in Camden NJ, Trenton NJ or Newark NJ. The purpose of the hearing is to have the court approve the chapter 13 plan regarding repayment to creditors. Often the confirmation hearing will need to be adjourned to address the claims filed or other issues raised by the trustee. Except in unusual or complicated matters if the Chapter 13 trustee is satisfied with the plan and objections have been addressed the trustee will recommend confirmation and the judge will enter an order approving the chapter 13 plan
1. Arrive early. This will give you a chance to review your case with your lawyer and listen to the trustee ask other people questions that he/she will also ask you.
The Wall Street journal reports that Gymboree is on the verge of filing a bankruptcy with the likely closure of their stores. Locally there are several stores including at the Cherry Hill Mall in Cherry Hill New Jersey, The Promenade at Sagemore in Marlton NJ and the Deptford Mall in Deptford NJ. In Philadelphia Pennsylvania the store at the Philadelphia Mills Mall would be impacted. The bankruptcy will be just another reminder of the difficulties retail chains face today.
The New Jersey Bankruptcy Court, which is part of the Federal Court System has addressed the impact of the federal government shutdown on its official website. Specially the site notes "the Judiciary has continued to operate by using court fee balances and other "no-year" funds. The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts has revised its original estimate and now is working toward the goal of sustaining paid operations through Jan. 18, 2019." If the shutdown is not resolved by then, the bankruptcy court will not have funds to operate. This applies to the bankruptcy courts in Camden, Trenton and Newark NJ.
A Chapter 13 Bankruptcy can eliminate obligations from a Judgment of Divorce that cannot be eliminated in a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy. Neither will eliminate domestic support obligations such as child support or spousal support. However, if there are other obligations relating to a property settlement agreement or an allocation of liabilities, those obligations can be reduced or eliminated in a chapter 13 but not in a chapter 7. This is because the exception to discharge section that applies to chapter 7 basically makes all divorce related liabilities nondischargeable but the exception section for chapter 13 only applies to domestic support obligations. Because of these differences, if you are filing a bankruptcy after a divorce, it is imortant to discuss with your attorney all obligations under the Judgment for Divorce because it may make more sense to file a chapter 13 when at first blush the case may seem appropriate for a chapter 7.
When a creditor agrees to settle a claim for a reduced amount, the amount of debt foregiven can result in taxable income. For example, if you owe $20,000 on a credit card and a settlement is reached where they agree to accept $11,000 as payment in full, the creditor is foregiving $9,000.00 of the claim. In that circumstance, the creditor will issue a 1099c to you for the foregiveness of debt. That $9,000.00 will count as income to you. There are some exceptions. If you can show you are insolvent you can avoid liability. Bankruptcy is also an exception. For example, if you filed a chapter 7 to eliminate that $20,000.00 credit card, there would not be any tax liability even though the entire $20,000.00 was eliminated. Depending on circumstances debt negotiations may be an option, but be sure to take into account the tax consequences when deciding between bankruptcy and debt negotiation. And since both the IRS laws and the Bankruptcy laws are Federal Laws, the result would be the same whether you lived in New Jersey or Pennsylvania.
USA Gymnastics filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy. https://people.com/sports/usa-gymnastics-files-for-bankruptcy/ The Chapter 11 is to allow USA Gymnastics to reorganize and to deal with claims in the wake of the multple sex abuse allegations. USA Gymnastics released a statement indicating as follows: