People from Philadelphia Pennsylvania and its surrounding suburbs, including southern New Jersey are probably aware of the fact that the entities that own Hahnemann University Hospital and St. Christopher's Hospital for Children in Philadelphia filed for Chapter 11 last summer. While the plans were to keep St Christophers open, the plan was to close Hahnemann. What locals may not be aware of is the fact that hospitals from around the country, especially those in poor and rural areas, have also filed bankruptcy. According to a January 9, 2020 article on Bloomberg.com by Lauren Coleman-Lochner and Jeremy Hill, at least 30 hospitals filed bankruptcy in 2019. When a bankruptcy is filed by any business, concerns often relate to the potential job losses and drop in income. However, when the entity filing bankruptcy is a hospital, additional issues including the ability of those patients to get health care is also a cause for concern. Through Chapter 11 bankruptcy, some of the hospitals may be able to reorganize and survive. But for the one's that must close, it is a double tragedy.
When a business files a bankruptcy, under certain circumstances the bankruptcy trustee can assert a preference claim against certain creditors and take back from those creditors money previously paid to the creditor by the debtor. For example, if within 90 days of the filing of a Chapter 11 bankruptcy a payment is made on a past due invoice, in certain circumstances the trustee can assert that the creditor received a preference which is unfair to the other creditors and therefore, even though the money was owed, they must give it back to the debtor so the money can be redistributed to treat creditors equally. Trustee's would take advantage of this power by filing suit in order to try and get a settlement even though there may be valid defenses such as new value or contemporaneous exchange. In addition, if a company in, say Maple Shade NJ files a chapter 11 and the the debtor paid a company in Bozeman, Montana within 90 days before filing, the company in Bozeman could be forced to litigate in New Jersey. Under the new law, a trustee must do reasonable due diligence and consider defenses before they can file a suit. In addition, all lawsuits for less than $25,000.00 must be filed in the District where the defendant business is located. Both changes were badly needed.
On line shopping and high rent costs, among other things has caused multiple retailers to seek protection in Chapter 11 bankruptcy or file Chapter 7 bankruptcy and close. Competition from on line sellers combined with high operating costs are the leading causes. It seems like another large retailer may soon be in bankruptcy. According to USA Today , the retailer Barney's is considering filing a bankruptcy. https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.usatoday.co/amp/1728925001 The reasons given are pretty typical of the problems facing many retailers today. A combination of high rent and online competition. The final straw may have been a rent increase at the Madison Avenue location which according to USA Today went from$16 to $30 million in January. The impact on the Philadelphia Pennsylvania Barney's is still unclear. Choices of retailers may soon be a thing of the past.
USA Gymnastics filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy. https://people.com/sports/usa-gymnastics-files-for-bankruptcy/ The Chapter 11 is to allow USA Gymnastics to reorganize and to deal with claims in the wake of the multple sex abuse allegations. USA Gymnastics released a statement indicating as follows:
Sears filed bankruptcy on October 15, 2016. According to Wikipedia, Sears was the largest retailer in the US until 1989 when it was passed by Walmart and was now 23rd largest. Recent financial changes led to the closing of the Sears at the Hamilton Mall in Atlantic County. With the filing of the Chapter 11 Bankruptcy, three more New Jersey locations are being closed: The Sears at the Deptford Mall in Deptford New Jersey, the Sears in Middletown NJ and the KMart in Glassboro NJ on Delsea Drive. The closure of the stores is a major blow for those areas because of the loss of so many jobs.
Chapter 11 Bankruptcy is available to businesses that desire to sell their assets but have debts exceeding the value of the assets. While Chapter 7 can be used for a liquidation of assets there are circumstances where it is important to maximize the amount received and selling as a going concern makes more sense. A Chapter 11 liquidating plan can be used for that purpose. However, sometimes it is necessary to have a more immediate sale and waiting until the confirmation hearing is not an option. In that situation the company can seek to sell its assets through a sale pursuant to section 363 of the Bankruptcy Code. The section is usually used to sell specific assets but more and more it is used to sell all of the company's assets. Generally the seller must demonstrate that business may not survive until confirmation and this is the best opportunity for creditors to be paid. The 363 sale is not for all sales but in some cases it may be the best option.
In Philadelphia Pennsylvania a chapter 11 bankruptcy was filed by Zitner Candy Corp. Zitner Candy, located on 17th street near Temple University in Philadelphia filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on April 13, 2018. Court documents reveal the company had significant secured debt at the time of the filing. The chapter 11 bankruptcy is generally used by debtors in an effort to restructure and reorganize its current debt problems
It appears that not only were the current Eagles on a roll in 2017 making it all the way to the Super Bowl but it was a good year for former Eagles as well. Former Philadelphia Eagle Mike Vick needed to file for chapter 11 bankruptcy after he was involved in a dog fighting scandal that caused him to lose his NFL job and his endorsement income. According to court papers he was required to repay over 17 million to his creditors. After making a comeback in the NFL and playing for the Philadelphia Eagles, New York Jets and Pittsburgh Steelers he was able to complete his required payments for the chapter 11 bankruptcy at the end of 2017 and the case is now closed
Toys R Us, which has locations in Cherry Hill New Jersey and Deptford NJ filed a Chapter 11 bankruptcy to reorganize its debts. Even though they have not yet obtained a court approved plan, the executives of the company have now asked the bankruptcy court to approve millions of dollars in bonuses for those executives. Not surprisingly, the US Trustee's office opposes the payment of such bonuses and filed an objection. The bankruptcy judge will now consider the documents submitted and the arguments of the lawyers and then render a decision. It is also possible that the attorneys will reach an agreement, for example, agreeing to a lower bonus, and then they would ask the court to approve the compromised amount.